• Draft Homework 1

      Due: 11:59pm, Thursday, Sep 04, 2023

      100 points

      For all Racket assignments in this course, set the DrRacket Language to Intermediate Student with lambda (Language → Choose Language → Teaching Languages → How to Design Programs → Intermediate Student with Lambda). Your assignment will be tested using the specified language level. If you use a different language level, your code may not work when it is tested.

      • Do the following programming problems using only the primitives mentioned in Lectures 2 and 3.  Do not use the functions in the Racket library if they are not mentioned in Lectures 2 and 3.

        1. [10 pts] Develop the function contains? that consumes a symbol and a list of symbols and determines whether or not the symbol occurs in the list.

        2. [10 ptsDevelop the function count-symbols that consumes a list of symbols and produces the number of items in the list.

        3. [10 ptsDevelop the function count-numbers that counts how many numbers are in a list of numbers.  [Note: the function merely works on inputs that are lists of numbers; it may blow up on anything else].

        4. [20 ptsDevelop the function avg-price. It consumes a list of toy prices and computes the average price of a toy. The average is the total of all prices divided by the number of toys. Toy prices are numbers.
          1. Develop one or more auxiliary functions (following the design recipe for each auxiliary function) to make the definition of avg-price easy.  Do not use the Racket library other than primitives mentioned in Lectures 2 and 3.
          2. If the list of toy prices is empty, the function avg-price generates an error report as described in Guidance below. 

        5. [10pts] Develop the function elim-exp to eliminate expensive toys. The function consumes a number, called mp (short for "maximum price") and a list of toy prices, called lotp, and produces a list of all those prices in lotp that are below or equal to mp.  For example
          (check-expect (elim-exp 1.0 (list 2.95 .95 1.0 5) (list .95 1.0)) = #true

        6. [10pts] Develop the function delete to eliminate specific toys from a list. The function consumes the name of a toy, called ty, and a list of names, called lon, and produces a list of names that contains all components of lon with the exception of ty. For example,

          (check-expect (delete 'robot (list 'robot 'doll 'dress)) (list 'doll 'dress)) = #true

        7. [30pts] A list can be used to represent a finite set. For example,  

          (list 'c 'o 'm 'p)

          represents the set of symbols {'c , 'o, 'm, 'p}.  In such a representation, we assume all elements in the list are unique; there are no duplicates.

          Develop the function power that consumes a list of symbols los (representing a set) and produces a list of list of symbols representing the power set (set of all subsets) of losHint: write an auxiliary function cons-all that consumes a symbol sym and a list of list of symbols lolos and inserts symbol sym at the front of each list in lolos

          For example, 

              (check-expect (cons-all 'a (list (list 'c) (list 'o) (list 'm) (list 'p)) 

                                                 (list (list 'a 'c) (list 'a 'o) (list 'a 'm) (list 'a 'p)))
              = #true
      • Guidance:

        1. Follow the design recipe imitating Sample Solution to a Programming Problem in the Racket HW Guide.

        2. Problem 4 asks you to write a function that checks for the empty list as an input error and reports an aborting error in the case. (The purpose statement should document this behavior!) In DrRacket, the error function takes a single argument, a string specifying the error message to report, not two arguments as described in the book.  The DrRacket Help Desk correctly documents the Racket error function.  We recommend using a string (text enclosed in double quotation marks) like "An empty list of toy prices is an illegal input." as the argument.  You can test the error-throwing behavior of a function using the check-error operation which is documented in the DrRacket Help Desk.

        3. Study Figure 26 in Section 9.4 of the book for a more detailed description of the design recipe and how it should be documented in the program text that you develop.

        4. To follow the design recipe, you must: 
          • write the type contract and purpose (behavioral contract);
          • provide at least 3 well-chosen examples (more for complex functions like power);
          • write the template for the function (trivial when no recursion is involved); 

          • write the code for the function; and

          • include illustrative test cases for the function, using at least the examples you developed above.


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