Boundaries and Locations


  • AidData

    Provides open data for international development, in which the user is able to search for applications of policy analysis, international development, and resource management needs.

  • Maxar Open Data

    Maxar open data for disaster response.

  • Diva-GIS: Download Data by Country

    Data by country available, such as administrative boundaries, roads, railroads, and land cover.

  • EarthExplorer

    Contains a phenomenal amount of land use data collection by the United State Geological Survey worldwide.

  • Esri, ArcGIS Living Atlas of the World

    Explore layers, maps, and applications that are part of the ArcGIS Living Atlas of the World.

  • FAO GeoNetwork

    The Food & Agriculture Organization (FAO) GeoNetwork provides Internet access to interactive maps, satellite imagery, and related spatial databases maintained by FAO and its partners.

  • GADM (database of global administrative areas)

    Administrative areas in this database are countries and lower level subdivisions. GADM describes where these administrative areas are (the "spatial features"), and for each area it provides some attributes, such as the name and variant names.

  • GeoFrabrik

    Site enables the download of openstreetmap data.

  • GEO Portal

    The GEO portal is a gateway to global Earth Observation data, information, and services developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) in collaboration with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) as contribution to the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS).

  • Google Earth

  • Humanitarian Data Exchange

    Searchable for international locations and multiple file formats.

  • International Open Data Site

    This site includes links to international open data government sites, which often includes maps and geospatial data.

  • Natural Earth Data

    Free vector and raster files. Include: cultural vectors such as administrative boundaries (countries), as well as physical vectors. Raster files include: shaded relief, bathymetry (ocean-depth), and natural earth. Public domain map dataset available at 1:10m, 1:50m, and 1:110 million scales.

  • USAID Spatial Data Repository

    Select Data from The Demographic and Health Surveys and the U.S. Census for single countries, multiple countries, and all countries in GIS format.

  • World Resources Institute

    Includes a searchable repository of international-themed datasets.

  • Global Elevation Models

    Information on global elevation models.

  • USGS Elevation Products

    USGS links on elevation products.

  • Historical National Boundaries (University of Minnesota)

    Historical national boundaries for key years in history, including 1800, 1914, 1918, 1939, 1945, 1970, 1990, and 2000.

  • Here Maps

    Sample data for educational use.

  • Open Topography

    Users are able to register with a .edu email address for access to elevation products, included USGS 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) products.

  • Open Sea Map

    Download nautical data to use with supported applications.

  • Geolode

    A collaborative catalog of open geodata websites around the world.

  • Environmental Data Explorer (UN)

    Holds more than 500 variables covering Freshwater, Population, Forests, Emissions, Climate, Disasters, Health and GDP. Display them as maps, graphs, tables or download the data.

  • GIS Data Repositories relevant to international humanitarian response

    This list of data repositories was compiled by Karen Payne of the University of Georgia's Information Technologies Outreach services, with funding provided by USAID, to point to free downloadable primary geographic datasets that may be useful in international humanitarian response. The repositories are grouped according to the tabs at the bottom of the sheet There are 17 groups of repositories. No longer actively maintained.

  • Aiports Data (OurAirports)

    OurAirports is a free site where visitors can explore the world's airports. Members create and maintain data records for over 50,000 airports around the world. Includes data about airport locations, elevations, runways, communication frequencies, and radio navigation aids.

  • The Demographic & Health Surveys Program Spatial Data Repository

    Provides geographically-linked health and demographic data from the DHS Program and the U.S. Census Bureau for mapping in a geographic information system (GIS), including survey boundaries, indicator data, and population estimates.

  • Free GIS Data (links)

    This page contains a categorized list of links to over 500 sites providing freely available geographic datasets. Beware: The data linked to may be inaccurate, incomplete, or just plain wrong. As always, critically examine the data you are using, look at what organization produced it and what agenda they may have, and beware that there are disputes over some of the data (particularly country boundaries).

  • World Resources Institute Maps & Data

    Use the Advanced Search option to search by type, topic, or geography. Contains data on a variety of themes for a large number of countries.

  • Guide to data by country (from MIT Library)

    Non-comprehensive list of GIS data by (non-US) country.



By Country

Central African Republic

  • Interactive Forest Atlas

    Conservation, permits, logging, habitat, hydrography, infrastructure, and vegetation for the Central African Republic, in shapefile format.


  • Interactive Forest Atlas

    Forest management, mining, hydrography, infrastructure, and vegetation for Gabon, in shapefile format.



  • Digital Atlas of Namibia

    Physical and political geography in shapefile format.

  • Namib Sand Sea Data

    Satellite imagery, dune maps, elevation, and vegetation index in shapefile, ERDAS IMG, or ASCII format, depending on file.

    From the University of Sheffield.





Geo-referenced Database of Dams in the Middle East

By Country



United Arab Emirates



  • AsiaPop

    Population density raster files in GeoTIFF format.


    Asian spatial data available at a fee.

By Country





  • India Place Finder

    Gives latitude and longitude of placenames in India, derived from the 2001 Census.

  • Assembly Constituencies Map

    Courtesy of Dartmouth economist Sandip Sukhtankar.

  • Bhuvan Geoportal of the National Remote Sensing Centre, with mostly land use data and satellite imagery for download.

  • Community Created Maps of India Community Created Maps of India sourced from different government websites which are freely available to all the Indians. Here we have digitized them, cleaned them, added appropriate attributes so it can be used by all the researchers, students etc.




Sri Lanka



  • AsiaPop

    Population density raster files in GeoTIFF format.

  • Diamond Bay Data

    Collection of Chinese, Vietnamese, and Tibetan data.

By Country



  • Open Development Cambodia

    Census boundaries, economic zones, and other development-related datasets available in shapefile and KML formats.


  • China Dimensions

    Administrative boundaries, population, and agricultural statistics.

  • China Historical GIS

    Historic administrative boundaries beginning 221 BC and ending 1911 CE. Requires free registration.

  • China in Time and Space

    Vectorized base maps, georeferenced socioeconomic data, bibliographic resources and utilities for coding data of administrative units, for the period 1982-1990, in ArcInfo interchange format.

  • China Data Center Free Data

    Collection of basemap data.


Hong Kong

North Korea

South Korea

  • kakaomap

    Web map app covering the Korean peninsula, including both North and South Korea.



  • MyTransport.SG

    Shapefiles of bus stop locations and other transportation-related features. Download available by request.



  • The Uplands Program

    Some Vietnam and Thailand available on request.

  • Vietnam Hamlet Evaluation System Gazetteer Data

    Details of every hamlet, village, district, and province recorded between 1967 and 1974. Includes Population, Administrative Center, Distance to International Border, Latitude and Longitude, in Excel format that can be converted to point data.



  • Eurostat GISCO

    European administrative boundaries, ports and airports, urbanization, and land cover.

    Administrative Units / Statistical Units, Population distribution / Demography, Transport Networks, Land Cover, and Elevation (DEM) datasets covering Europe.

  • HELCOM Map and Data Service

    For the Baltic Sea area, downloadable shapefiles of protected areas, pollution, shipping, fisheries, and some background data, from the Helsinki Commission. (Site is currently under maintenance but click here for the same data).

  • European Forest Genetic Resources Programme

    Distribution maps of tree species across Europe, in shapefile format.

  • European Soil Portal

    Ecological soil data in European countries.

  • Inspire Geoportal (European Union)

    The INSPIRE geoportal enables search of spatial data and services, with subject to access restrictions.

  • EuroGeographics Open Data

    Open data available for Europe at 1: 1 million scale, including administrative boundaries, water networks, transportation, developments, and place names.

  • European Union Open Data Portal

    Open data is searchable by keyword and theme, covering environmental variables of interest or more.

  • European Environment Agency, Data and Maps

    Includes searchable data products, maps, interactive maps, and downloadable datasets.

  • Corine Land Cover 2006

    Raster land cover data for Europe.

  • MPIDR Population History GIS Collection

    Includes historic administrative boundaries of select European locations.

  • MPIDR Population History GIS Collection

    The Mosaic project identifies, gathers, harmonizes, and distributes surviving historical census microdata for Europe and beyond. It aims at building a comprehensive and detailed resource for the historic study of populations by historians, demographers, economists, and other researchers. The Mosaic project builds on historical integrated census microdata projects such as the Integrated Public Use Microdata Series (IPUMS) and the North Atlantic Population Project (NAPP). Records are distributed in the same integrated format, so that historical comparisons can be made across time and space.

  • *Euratlas georeferenced historical vector data* by Christos Nüssli, shapefiles by Marc-Antoine Nüssli

    Contains 21 maps, one for each century from year 1 CE to year 2000 CE. These maps depict the political makeup of Europe at the last year of each century. Each map is composed of physical features shapefile layers (rivers, seas, and elevation data) and political features layers (sovereign nations, dependent territories, autonomous peoples, cities and towns, uncertain boundaries).

By Country




    Viewable data with links to provincial geospatial data sources.

  • Open Data Wien

    Open data resources, some of which are geospatial, for Vienna. In German.


  • Brussels UrbiS

    Aerial photographs, parcels, and topographic data for the Brussels Capital Region.

  • AGIV

    Data for Flanders region.

Czech Republic




  • Geoportail

    National spatial data portal; datasets in catalog are not necessarily for free download, consult list of freely available data. In French.

  • IGN Donnee

    Data available for educational purposes from France's national geographic institute.


    France's open data initiative, with some geographic data. In French.

  • ParisData

    Open data portal for Paris.

  • CRAIG Geocat

    Catalog of spatial data for Auvergne. In French.

  • GeoBretagne

    Shapefiles and maps from Brittany, downloadable from Catalog. In French.


  • OffeneDaten

    Open data catalog for all of Germany, contains some spatial data. In German.

  • Berlin Open Data

    Search for "shapefile, "Gis," or "geodaten." In German.

Great Britain





Northern Ireland


  • geoNorge

    National metadata catalog, with some downloadable data.

  • FactPages

    From the Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, licenses, wellbores, pipelines and seismic information in shapefile formate; see Geographical datasets to download.



  • SNIG

    National portal to geospatial data, some of it downloadable. In Portuguese.

  • IDEiA

    Some free downloadable data for the Azores. In Portuguese.






By Country


  • Buenos Aires Data

    Open data site for the city. Look under Formatos: shp to find spatial data. In Spanish.





Dominican Republic





    Mexico's official statistical agency distributes spatial data for a fee, though elevation data is available free of charge with registration (see the USGS for instructions in English.)

  • Tijuana River Watershed Data

    Boundaries, geologic features, soils.

  • Georeferenced Population Datasets of Mexico

    State boundaries, place names, geographic coordinates of urban and metropolitan places, and elevation data for more than 700 urban places, with 1990 census data.

  • Mexico Homicides (2006 – 2011)

    Geo-referenced yearly data at the municipal level on homicides reported in death certificates from 2006 to 2011. The certificates are issued by local offices of the Attorney General's Office.


South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands




By Country

American Samoa


New Zealand


    New Zealand open data catalog.

  • LINZ Data Service

    Land Information New Zealand's data portal, with topographic, transportation, maritime, and property ownership data sets in shapefile, KML, or CAD format.


    Catalog of publicly-funded geospatial data.

  • Geographx

    New Zealand digital elevation base maps, available for a fee.

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